Immunization is one of the processes of preventing your children from some infectious diseases that could occur from childhood through adulthood. This is a process done by the administration of a vaccine. Vaccinations started as far back as the times of ancient Greece.
3 Misconceptions about Immunization
There are many different beliefs on whether immunizations actually do much to protect their children or not. As a result of fear, the media, rumors and different reports there are misconceptions about the benefits versus the risk of immunizations. Here are three misconceptions about immunization culled in part from the World Health Organization:
- “Diseases disappear because of better hygiene and sanitation”
- This statement tries to say that vaccines are not needed, but they actually are. Diseases will not disappear without vaccines. If you do not vaccinate, the diseases will come back. Although better hygiene could prevent a disease for awhile, it will not make it disappear.
- “Vaccines cause many harmful, side effects, illnesses, and even death – not to mention long term effects.”
- Most adverse effects from vaccines are minor and temporary, such as a sore arm or mild fever. These can often be controlled by taking Paracetamol after vaccination. Most serious adverse effects occur rarely.
- “Vaccine-preventable diseases have been virtually eliminated from my Country, so there is no need for my child to be vaccinated.”
- It is true that vaccination has enabled the reduction of most vaccine-preventable diseases in many Countries. However, some of these diseases are prevalent in other Countries. Travel means that people can unknowingly bring these diseases into any Country. If such countries are not protected by vaccinations, these diseases could spread. The best way is to be informed about each Country you might visit or be exposed to.
10 Common Diseases Immunization Prevents
- Whooping cough
- Yellow fever
The bottom line is: immunization is necessary. Vaccines are mostly administered to babies and children from birth through school age. However, it is important to note that there are vaccines to be administered after 18 years old.
The immunization process has been proven to control and eliminate life threatening-infectious diseases. There is more good that immunization does than bad.
Important And Benefits Of Immunization
Immunization could save your life and that of your child. There are people in the world today suffering from diseases they could have prevented because of a lack of immunization. Immunization strengthens your immune system giving it the ability to fight back diseases…and win.
- Immunization protects you from serious illnesses and complications: The lack of immunization and the complications from some diseases can leave the victim disabled. In the event that a child or person who is up to date with their immunizations usually means that they are able to fight and recover faster.
- Immunization reduces diseases: Since the birth of immunization, there has been a decline in the rate of infectious diseases. This decline has led to gradual and total eradication and elimination of some of these diseases in different parts of the world.
- Immunization reduces death: Every year, millions of children die from diseases. Immunization has reduced infant mortality.
The process of immunization is important and every parent should ensure their child gets immunized on time and follow the schedule. There are certain vaccines administered to babies at birth in the hospital.
PLACES YOUR CHILDREN CAN GET IMMUNIZED
- General hospitals
- Primary health care centres (Tuesday of every week has been set aside for routine immunization against vaccine preventable diseases in all primary health care facilities in the State.)
- St Kizito (Ilasan Housing Estate, Jakande, 1st gate, ibeju Lekki, Lagos, Nigeria)
- Most private clinics and pediatrician clinics or hospitals
It is helpful to have a handy guide for when to immunize your child. As a new parent, it can be difficult keeping track of all the vaccines your baby will need and at what time he will need it. Always discuss with your doctor to present you the right schedule for your child. Be sure to note your child’s vaccination schedule and have his card handy .
|1. BCG||Birth||tuberculosis (TB)|
|2. Hepatitis B||Birth; 10,
|Hepatitis B virus|
|3. DTaP (Pertussis/Whooping Cough)||2, 4, 6 months, 15 – 18 months||Diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough)|
|4. MMR||12 months, 4 – 6 years||measles, mumps and rubella viruses|
|5. IPV (Polio)||Birth; 6,
|6. Rotavirus||2, 4, 6 months||Rotavirus diarrhea (and vomiting)|
|7. PCV||2, 4,6 weeks, 12 – 15 months||against pneumococcal bacteria|
|8. Yellow Fever||9 months||Yellow fever|
|9. Varicella||12 months, 4 – 6 years||Chickenpox|
|10. Hib||2, 4, 6 weeks, 12 – 18 months||Infections of the blood, brain, joints, or lungs (pneumonia)|
|11. Tdap||11 – 12 years||Diphtheria, tetanus & pertussis (whooping cough)|
|12. HPV (females)||11 -12 years||Human Papillomavirus (Females only)|
|13. Meniningitis||3 and 4 months||bacterium (germ) that cause meningitis|
|14. DTaP/IPV/Hib Booster||4 – 5 and 13 years|
VACCINATION AND SCHOOL CHILDREN
A new session is around the corner. When you have shopped for all the school materials remember to ensure your children are up to date on vaccines. A school is one of the easiest places a child can contract diseases because of the high level of interaction among different children. If your child is not up to date on their vaccination schedule your child could be at risk. Ensuring you are up to date with the necessary vaccinations means you are protecting your child, the other students, teachers and the school as a whole.