Coronaviruses (CoV) are a large family of viruses that cause illness ranging from the common cold to more severe diseases such as Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS-CoV) and Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS-CoV). A novel coronavirus (nCoV) is a new strain that has not been previously identified in humans.
Coronaviruses are zoonotic, meaning they are transmitted between animals and people. Detailed investigations found that SARS-CoV was transmitted from civet cats to humans and MERS-CoV from dromedary camels to humans. Several known coronaviruses are circulating in animals that have not yet infected humans.
There is only one thing you need to understand about the Coronavirus. The virus spreads when droplets from the body of a sick person; such as couch, sneeze, sweat, tears etc, gets into the eyes, nose and mouth of a healthy person.
So, if you see someone who is visibly couching/ sneezing/ sick, then you can choose to-
- Keep Your Distance (2m to 0.5m will keep you safe from large droplets). Or;
- Give Them A Mask – They can cough/ sneeze into it and protect everyone else nearby.
In general, it is a good idea to avoid crowdy places, because you don’t know who might be sick. People who are infected might show no symptoms but are still highly infectious. Others may also be very much healthy, but wear a protective mask to protect themselves. However, sometimes, a sick person saliva can get on other things, such as; their hands, doorknobs, train straps, pens, digital devices like phones, tissue, mouse, cups, lift buttons, stair bannisters and even on the outside of your face mask!
Therefore, if you touch any of these things by accident and then touch your face, rub your eyes or even touch the face of a loved one then, you might all fall sick. The Coronavirus can last for up to 24 hours on objects, and the only effective way to get rid of them is to wash them off with soap.
You Need To Follow This 4 Precautions:
1- Do NOT touch your FACE (or anyone else’s face)
If you have to, wash your hands with soap thoroughly first. What do we mean by thoroughly; wash the back of your hands, between your fingers, and under your nails up to your elbow up to your elbows for 30 seconds.
2- Do NOT share food utensils, cups, towels:
Make use of a serving spoon and everyone should get their own towel even in a restaurant.
3- Throw away mask once they feel gross:
Do not wear them for more than a day! This is because bacterias grow on the inside of your mask if you wear them for too long. Also, try as much as possible not to touch the outside of your mask if you can. If you did, don’t worry, just wash your hands with soap after.
4- Wash your hands with soap:
And finally, always wash your hands with soap! Before you eat and after being out in the public.
Here are some of the Myths you should know and understand about the CoronaVirus:
Find other useful insights about the Coronavirus here.
The WHO is working closely with global experts, governments and partners to rapidly expand scientific knowledge on this new virus, to track the spread and virulence of the virus, and to provide advice to countries and individuals on measures to protect health and prevent the spread of this outbreak.